Morocco: extreme tourism

Nutrition

Moroccan cuisine is characterized by the use of three elements: couscous. olive oil and vegetables. Of the latter, tomatoes are especially loved., peppers, eggplant and pumpkin. for instance, очень популярно блюдо «тажин» — тушенные с овощами мясо, fish or chicken.

Неотъемлемый предмет кухонной утвари — так называемый «кускусьер». The fixture consists of a pan with a perforated partition. Put meat or vegetables down, and on the partition - actually couscous and put on the fire. From steam, lifting from meat and vegetables, the couscous swells and becomes saturated with their aroma. This dish is for all occasions.

Moroccans love subtle seasonings and other top-notch ingredients, typical for national cuisine: mint, olives and persimmon from Meknes, citrus fruits from Fez and Agadir, pomegranates from Marrakech, almonds and lamb from Sousse, dates from Erfoud ...

Three of the best Moroccan cuisine: «бастилла» (pigeon puff pastry, eggs and almonds), «джем-эмшмель» (tagine with chicken, оливками и моченными лимонами и «мешуи» (leg of lamb or whole ram on a spit).

Tea is drunk here in a special way. Always with mint and a couple of pine nuts, giving a slightly tangible aftertaste of resin.

Types of recreation in Morocco

Rest is very diverse in Morocco: it is a rich excursion program, white beaches of the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, ecotourism, thalassotherapy and even ... ski resorts.

note, that the level of service in hotels in Morocco may be lower, than in the UAE or Turkey, therefore, before the trip, you should carefully read the reviews about the institution, where do you plan to stay

Guided tours and safaris

The Moroccan part of the Sahara desert is red dunes, fortresses and the Draa valley. Tours usually start from the settlements of Merzuga or Mhamid. A 3-day camel tour with an overnight camp in the desert or a jeep safari with a visit to Berber villages - a real adventure for thrill-seekers.

The capital Rabat is the center of cultural life. You can start exploring the city from the medina, fortress Kasbah Udaya, Shella and the minaret of Hasan. Several beautiful mosques are located on Jem Street, and on the opposite bank is the ancient city of Sale. In Marrakech, travelers will be attracted by the square Jamaa el-Fna, El Badi palaces and Bahia, numerous oriental bazaars and the Almohad fortress. In Casablanca, the new and old medina are worth visiting, Mosque Hassan II, Sacre Coeur Cathedral and the ruins of the ancient city of Anfa.

Beach holidays in Morocco

Among the most famous resorts are Agadir, Tangier, Casablanca and Es Suweiro. Agadir is 6 kilometers of beaches with golden sand, numerous hotels and entertainment. A distinctive feature of Tangier is, that it is also on the Mediterranean, and on the Atlantic coast. Surfers prefer the ocean coast because of the big waves. You can also get to Spain by ferry.

Medina Es Сувейры, a picturesque town with white houses and blue shutters, included in the UNESCO heritage list. Many tourists travel to the neighboring island of Mogador with its picturesque lagoons. Feedback from tourists, Essaouira has the highest waves.

There are many surf camps and schools in Morocco. Experienced surfers prefer to come in winter, when the waves are stronger and more frequent.

Thalassotherapy

Thalassotherapy is also very popular.. Moreover, many spa centers are located directly at the hotels.. Besides different types of massage, visitors are offered treatments with sea water, rest in the salt rooms, algal and mud therapy, hydromassage and water gymnastics. High quality argan oil is produced in Morocco, acting as a powerful antioxidant, which is used in many procedures. Individual programs are developed for tourists with health problems.

Ecotourism

Fans of hiking and trekking of varying degrees of difficulty will find the Atlas Mountains National Parks, Where do Berber nomads live?. The most famous among them are Tazekka, Toubkal and the gorges of Dades and Todra. Experienced hikers reach Tukbal Peak, which is the height 4 167 m. Another interesting place is Paradise Valley at the foot of the mountains with lakes and waterfalls.

Ski resorts

Seems incredible, but in Morocco (don't forget, that this is north Africa) there are ski resorts. This is Ukaymeden's 70 kilometers from Marrakech and Ifrane in 50 kilometers from Fez. Well-developed infrastructure awaits you in Ukaidemen:

  • 7 lifts,
  • well-groomed slopes,
  • numerous bars and restaurants,
  • heated pools,
  • sports complex.

Ifran is in no way inferior to Ukaidemen: it seems, that alpine villages somehow miraculously moved here.

Important tips and advice for tourists

  • You don't need a visa to visit the country.
  • No more than one bottle of alcohol and no more than two hundred cigarettes per person will be allowed through customs. Any photo- and video equipment must be declared without fail.
  • The import of any printed or electronic media is prohibited, containing pornographic material.
  • No materials allowed, contrary to Islamic norms, as well as weapons, drugs, goods, of artistic or historical value.
  • You can import and export from the country any amount of foreign currency. However, it is strictly forbidden to pay in foreign currency on the territory of the country.. In banks, it can be exchanged for local dirhams at the rate, about, nine dirhams for one dollar.

Cuisine of Morocco

Local cuisine is distinguished by large portions and even more spices in them. Fruit is used for cooking, vegetables, seafood and meat. The most common dish – couscous. It is made from crushed wheat as a side dish for meat.. Meat is rarely served separately, most often it is accompanied by a stew of vegetables and tomato.

Tazhin is also popular here – these are stewed vegetables with lamb. Sometimes, instead of lamb, it is made from fish, chicken or lamb, depending on the region.

Traditional drink, which is offered everywhere and at any time of the day is tea. Tea is prepared very strong, with lots of mint and cardamom. It is customary to drink it hot. Coffee is no less popular, primarily, local production.

Alcoholic drinks served local wine, which is considered the best in all of North Africa.

At all, eat out of restaurants, hotels and cafes are quite dangerous. Tourists are strongly discouraged from buying food and frozen juices in tents, markets, where they are offered with enviable consistency, because there is a chance of catching an intestinal infection.

The best way to relax in Morocco

Despite the huge number of tourists, who come to this country from the most remote corners of the planet, strict Arab traditions still reign here. Therefore, for a good rest, you need to know a few nuances., which will help to avoid possible misunderstandings.

  • Women are not allowed to walk unaccompanied by men. Primarily, this applies to the old areas of the city, but in the area of ​​modern hotels this is not relevant.
  • It is not accepted to show violent emotions on the street., as well as kissing and hugging.
  • Don't take photos of passers-by without permission, but if you ask – many will be happy to take pictures.
  • It is not customary to give up tea, if you were invited to a cafe. The locals regard such a refusal as a personal grievance..
  • It is accepted to eat in a cafe with the right hand, a handful of three fingers. The left hand is considered dirty, and it is unacceptable to touch food. Blowing on hot tea is considered bad taste..
  • The bread is here – a sign of wealth and prosperity, it is broken and carefully put in the mouth.
  • Most mosques are only allowed to Muslims. But outside the building can be photographed.
  • Nobody will punish you for breaking these traditions, but you can get into a ridiculous situation. For any controversial issues, you should contact your guide or the police. Nonetheless, the country is considered very safe, low crime.

Weather

В Марокко можно ездить круглый год — пляжный сезон здесь длится без перерыва. На средиземноморском побережье вода теплее, но крупных курортов там нет. Ocean water, омывающая берега Агадира и Касабланки, летом прогревается до +21°C.

The best time for поездки в Марокко — весна и ранняя осень. На пляжах Марокко, eg, Agadir, можно отдыхать и летом — океанский бриз помогает легко переносить жаркую погоду.

in the afternoon At night sea season
January +16…+20 +8…+9 +15
February +17…+20 +9…+10 +16
March +17…+22 +10…+11 +17
April +18…+21 +11…+12 +18
May +20…+22 +13…+15 +19 beachfront
June +22…+25 +16…+17 +21 beachfront
July +25…+28 +18…+20 +23 beachfront
August +25…+29 +18…+20 +24 beachfront
September +25…+27 +18…+19 +22 beachfront
October +22…+24 +15…+16 +21 beachfront
November +20…+23 +11…+12 +19
Population 32 382 000 people.
Area 446 550 km2
Population density 70 people / km2
Tongue Arab, Berber
Religion Islam
Form of government a constitutional monarchy
Currency Moroccan dirham (MAD)
Timezone UTC +0
International dialing code +212
Domain zone .ma
Electricity 127 B, 220 B

Holiday seasons in 2020 year

The climate in the country depends on the region. Daily temperature drops can be up to 20 degrees. The mild subtropical climate in the north is replaced by a continental climate in the south. Due to the influence of the Atlantic Ocean and the cold Canary Current, the western regions are the coolest. In the summer, the air warms up to +37, and in winter the temperature drops to +5.

High season

Since most tourists come to Morocco to soak up the beaches, high season - from June to October. For sightseeing tours, it is better to choose spring or autumn, as in the hot months to explore the country (especially if travelers are going to the desert) rather tiresome.

For those, who decided to go on a ski tour in the Atlas mountains, the most favorable time is from the end of December to March.

Many Europeans come on New Year's and Christmas holidays, especially the Spaniards.

notes

  1. [http://www.tourisme.gov.ma/francais/5-Tourisme-chiffres/ArriveeTouristes.htm :: Kingdom of Morocco : Tourism Administration]
  2. Shackley Myra. [http://books.google.ie/books?id=VWOw_U8WpZUC Atlas of Travel And Tourism Development]. — Butterworth-Heinemann, 2006. — P. 43–44. — ISBN 0-7506-6348-0.
  3. Hudman Lloyd E. [http://books.google.ie/books?id=MyGjpyNAur0C Geography of Travel & Tourism]. — Thomson Delmar Learning, 2002. — P. 367. — ISBN 0-7668-3256-2.
  4. The Middle East and North Africa 2003. — Europa Publications, Routledge, 2002. — P. 863. — ISBN 1-85743-132-4.
  5. Reuters. [http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/arts/entertainment-morocco-saintlaurent.html?_r=2&oref=slogin&oref=slogin Yves Saint Laurent’s Ashes Scattered In Marrakesh], The New York Times (11 June 2008). Checked 14 June 2008.

Residence

Morocco has a wide variety of places to stay: from inexpensive hostels to luxurious riad hotels (traditional type of accommodation).

The largest influx of tourists falls on Easter week and August, when almost half of the population of Spain and France spends their holidays here. Also, problems with booking can arise during the celebration of Christmas and New Years.

If you are traveling as a family or small group, it is possible, the best type of accommodation for you is an apartment with the possibility of self-catering.

You can put up a tent in Morocco anywhere, if you have permission from the owner of the land. There are also official campsites. The cost of living there is within 3 $.

Gites d'Etape - so called houses, mostly owned by mountain guides and located along popular trekking routes in the Atlas Mountains. (5 $). В горах еще можно жить в «рефуджах», which offer accommodation in the likeness of Swiss chalets.

Regions and resorts of Morocco

Chair - Rabat, city ​​of parks, wide alleys and architectural attractions, by which you can read the entire history of the state. This is the seat of the royal family, blue and white medina, ancient mosques and museums, plunging back centuries. Within the city there is a great beach on the Atlantic Ocean, лучшие отели — на центральной ул. Mohammed V.

В экскурсионный маршрут непременно стоит включить и остальные имперские города — Фес, Marrakesh and Meknes. The first is called "African Athens": medieval quarters have not been rebuilt for centuries, family crafts (главное из которых — кожевенное) passed from father to son.

Fez has two ancient centers at once: Fes al-Bali with endless mazes of streets (there are whole of them 6000!) and Fez-Jidd with the magnificent Emir's Palace.

Марракеш — огромный туристический аттракцион: just have time to dodge the souvenir merchants, street acrobats and snake charmers. Abstracting from the hustle and bustle, you can enjoy walks in the UNESCO-listed Medina, великолепным садам и паркам. Meknes, baptized "Moroccan Versailles", much more cozy and intimate: local palaces, minarets and mausoleums are full of noble grandeur.

There are also beach resorts in Morocco, самый популярный из которых — Агадир с 6 km coastline, covered with golden sand, comfortable hotels and all kinds of entertainment: from golf to thalasso. В Эс-Сувейре всегда ветер и волны, making it an ideal surfing spot, a в Танжере можно искупаться и в Mediterranean sea, и в океане. Walidia, hidden in a picturesque lagoon, famous for delicious oysters, а Эль-Джадида — европейской архитектурой, preserved from colonial times.

Where to stay

Morocco is a multifaceted country offering tourists a varied vacation: from the sunny beaches of the Atlantic coast to the Atlas ski resorts. Hotels in Morocco are also presented for every taste and budget - from small private hotels to representative offices of international hotel chains..

Two- and three-star hotels according to local classification are subdivided into riad - a small city guest house, auberge - small inn, gîtes d'étape - roadside inn. The former are most often located in cities., rich in historical sights, and for the most part these are old beautiful houses, converted into a hotel with several rooms, some even have a pool. Auberges - provincial inns, executed in the traditional kasbah style, mostly cozy family hotels. Gîtes d'étape - roadside hotels for extreme travelers. In the mountains, these are small hotels with everything you need. In the desert - small campgrounds or campsites with showers, electricity and field kitchen.

Most of the country's hotels, excluding business class, quite often have problems with hot water supply. Some economy hotels may not have hot water at all, or they charge extra for it.

sights

The cities of Morocco seem to have descended from the pictures of a fairy tale about a thousand and one nights. It is impossible not to admire the architectural monuments with exquisite carvings, the finest painting and decoration, beautiful mosaics.

In Marrakech, go immediately to the main square of Djemaa-el-Fna. Come here in the late afternoon and an incredible colorful sight will be presented to your eyes: cooking national food, snake charmers performances, magicians, acrobats and musicians. Also of sights worth noting is the Kutumbia Mosque of the 12th century, Ben Yusuf Madrasah of the 16th century and Bahia Palace.

Essueira - a pirate port city. Explore the ruins of Sultan Ben Abdullah's palace, former slave market and fortress wall.

Get lost in the endless maze of narrow streets of the Medina of Fez. Одна из ее частей — квартал дубильщиков «шаура», where is leather dressing. Don't Miss the Museum - Dar Bata Palace, Bu-Inania madrasah and Bu-Jelud gate.

History buffs will love the fabulous Meknes and the ruins of the ancient Roman city of Volubilis (II-III centuries).

The most significant and largest museums in Morocco are:

  • archaeological museum with a collection of exhibits from the Carthaginian and Roman periods;
  • Museum of Ethnography in Tetouan;
  • Museum of Natural Sciences;
  • mail museum;
  • Udaya Museum in Rabat.

Business climate

Today Morocco has excellent business opportunities. Many industries are developed here, in particular, textile, food and chemical. Businessmen open small shops with handicraft products. Souvenir production is also highly developed in the country..

Before, how to start building your business in the land of the bright sun, golden sand and gentle coastal waves, check out the main taxes, which are charged in Morocco: Impôt Général sur le Revenu — IGR (income tax - for income up to 2 400 euro per year - 0 %, with income over 12 000 per year - up to 42 %), Impôt sur les Sociétés — IS (company tax - 35 %, for certain types of activity - 8, 10 and 20 %.), Taxe sur la Valeur Ajouté — TVA (VAT - 20 %), Taxe urbaine — TU (city ​​tax - 13,5 %), Taxe d’édilité — TE (municipal tax - 10 and 6 %).

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Transportation Morocco

The most popular transport among locals and tourists are buses., therefore it can be difficult to buy a ticket. Despite, that many buses have air conditioning, you shouldn't expect increased comfort from them. Primarily, bus service is established between cities, but it's better to travel around the city by taxi. It won't be much more expensive, but much faster. The thing is, that intercity buses run without a schedule, and the chance to wait for the bus for several hours is very great.

There is also a railway, but she only connects Casablanca, fez, Rabat and Marrakech. If you move between these cities, then it is best to prefer trains, because of, that they are much more comfortable, rather than buses.

Developed car rental service. For rent, as a standard, you will need international license and age from twenty one years. Often rent a car with a driver, which is not much more expensive. If you drive yourself, should be considered, that cities comply with traffic rules, best case scenario, only within sight of a police officer, and even then not always.

tourist attractions

File:N9 Haute Atlas Taddert.JPG Mountains Atlas

File:Tangier 5184a.jpg Coast in Tangier

File:Ifrane snow.jpg
Ifran, "Moroccan Switzerland"

File:Dune sunrise.jpg Sand dunes

File:Koutbia.jpg Кутубия Мечеть

File:Interior Marrakech Railway Station.jpg Station in Marrakech

File:Meknes – Estany de l’Aguedal.jpg Reservoir in Meknes

File:Skala de Ville.jpg Old fortress walls in Essaouir

File:Medina walls of Marrakech (Dec. 2009).jpg Fortress walls in Marrakech

During the period, when Morocco was a French protectorate (1912—1956), tourism has been limited mainly to urban areas, in particular, Mediterranean cities Tangier and Casablanca. Tangier attracted many writers, such as Jack Kerouac and William Burroughs. In the 1970s - 1980s. It began the development of beach resorts, such as, Agadir, on the Atlantic coast.

Modern Morocco's tourism industry still actively involved in its turnover attractions, dating back to the history of ancient Rome and Arab conquests. 60 % tourists, visiting Morocco, visit the cultural heritage. According to the arrangement of attractions the country can be divided into seven regions:

  • Tangier and its surroundings;
  • Agadir and its resorts;
  • Marrakech;
  • Casablanca;
  • imperial cities;
  • Ouarzazate
  • Tarfaya and its beach resorts.

Agadir is a major coastal resorts and a base for tours to the Atlas Mountains. Other resorts in the North of Morocco are also very popular. Casablanca - the main port for cruises to Morocco with a highly developed tourist infrastructure.

Located in the center of the country city of Marrakech is a popular holiday destination, the most popular among tourists are one- and two-day excursions to Marrakech, which give the opportunity to get acquainted with the history and culture of the country. The famous landmark of Marrakech is the Majorelle botanical garden (Eng.)Russian., acquired renowned fashion I.Sen-Laurent and his partner Pierre Berge at 1980 year, which increased the attractiveness of the city for tourists.

IN 2006 in Morocco the most rapidly developing adventure tourism in the Atlas Mountains and on the ridge of the Rif, where there are excellent opportunities for trekking in the period from late March to mid-November. The government is investing in the development of this type of tourism, and is also developing desert tourism, compete in this area with Tunisia.

Major holidays

  • February. Almond Blossom Festival in Tafraut.
  • March. Theater Festival in Casablanca; cotton festival in Beni Mellal.
  • May. Festival of roses in El Kelaa Mgun.
  • June. Folk Festival at El Badi Palace in Marrakech; Cherry Festival in Sefru; World Festival of Sacred Music in Fez; moussem in Asni, near Marrakech; sugar mousse in Tan Tan; camel festival in Asrir, near Helmim.
  • July. Festival of honey in Imuzzer-Ida-Utanan; water festival in Martila, near Tetouan.
  • August. Asil International Arts Festival; mussem Setti-Fatma and Urike, near Marrakech; Moussem Sidi Allal el-Hajj in Chefchaouen; mussem Mulay Abdessalema, including "Fantasy", close to El Jadid; African Music Festival in Tiznit; apple festival in Imuzzer-Kandar.
  • September. "Fantasy" in Meknes - one of the largest celebrations in Morocco; traditional arts festival in Fez; Moussem Moulay Idris II, during which the Fassi artisans sacrifice a bull to the patron saint of the city; Mussem of Sidi Ahmed or Musa in Agadir; matchmaking festival in Imilchil; Moussem Moulay Idris I in Moulay Idris.
  • October. Date Festival in Erfoud; Essaouira Music Festival.
  • December. Rafsai Olive Festival, in the reef mountains.

Currency

International name: MAD

Moroccan dirham is 100 santimi. In circulation banknotes in denomination 200, 100, 50 and 20 dirkham, as well as coins in 5, 1 dirham and 5, 10, 20 and 50 centimeter. In the southern regions and in some places in the high-mountain villages of the Atlas, the currency is still in use. (1/20 dirkhama).

Dirham is not convertible, export of currency is prohibited, therefore, it is not recommended to exchange large amounts at once. You can exchange currency at banks, large hotels and some large restaurants, as well as at specialized exchange offices at airports. Currency exchange on the street and at unlicensed exchange offices is prohibited. The exchange rate is quite stable, it is the same throughout the country and is established by the state. ATMs are quite common and are located, primarily, near large retail outlets and banks.

Credit cards are accepted in most restaurants, in almost all hotels and in most large stores, private traders are extremely reluctant to work with them. American Express traveller's checks are accepted almost everywhere, checks of other systems are less readily cashed.

Weddings

Moroccan wedding

Moroccan wedding - an occasion for mass celebrations, when the whole town joins the rituals, preceding the wedding ceremony. Traditionally, the father chooses the bride for his son. The son has the opportunity to look at the girl from afar, to express your opinion. If all is good, father offers the family of the chosen one a ransom. If the ransom is accepted, the engagement of the young is announced for a period of one to two years. Engagement is a legally binding element of the marriage process, allowing young people to get used to each other. They can sleep together if desired..

In cities, weddings between representatives of wealthy families can last a week, and then every day has its own ritual. In poorer rural areas, weddings are often given only one day. In any case, the wedding is preceded by numerous rituals.. After a certain period of preparation, the bride is taken to the groom's house, where she is greeted with music, dancing and general jubilation. The bride is taken to the room for the celebration, and guests are seated for a feast accompanied by music and dancing. At Berber weddings, the bride is brought to the groom's house on horseback, and then they hide in one of the upper rooms, wrapped in carpets. Only the closest relatives can visit it. The groom must be able to get to her on the attached wooden stairs.

Like all other spheres of Moroccan life, the marriage process is undergoing significant changes. Today, in cities, a woman's opinion is no less significant when choosing a partner., than in the West. And the ransom is no longer so relevant: double income of the future family, mortgages and tax breaks - more significant benefits, than gold or camels.

Routes

Morocco's diversity makes it an ideal country for road travel. Renting a car is highly recommended: the distances are great, but easily surmountable, so in two weeks you can see most of the country. Public transport works well, but moving on it will take a long time, and for visiting more remote areas, особенно Высокого Атласа (Skin atlas), the car is simply necessary. Using the services of most international car rental companies will allow you to take a car at one airport and return at another.

north

The popular summer ring route attracts the beaches of the Atlantic coast in Asil and Larache, exotic port Tangier. Families with children often travel to the calm and clean Mediterranean coast, and adventurous tourists climb to the white cities of Tetouan and Chefchaouen, or climb the wild mountains of the Reef. Many visitors combine a week in this region with a week to visit the imperial cities and the south of Morocco.

imperial cities

Fez is the oldest of the four imperial cities of Morocco

A fascinating journey through the four imperial capitals of Morocco starts from Marrakech, on South, passes through Fez and Meknes and ends in the majestic capital on the Atlantic coast - Rabat. The route includes excursions to the High Atlas, кедровым лесам Среднего Атласа (Middle Atlas), the ancient Roman city of Volubilis and the Muslim holy city of Moulay Idris. Top-notch seaside resorts Mohammedia, Temara and Skhirat attract with beautiful sandy beaches. Planning a trip, consider, that in summer it is very hot in Marrakech, the best time to visit this city in spring and early autumn. During the winter months, due to bad weather, some passes of the High Atlas, from Marrakech to Fez, may be closed.

south

For many visitors, visiting the south of the country is the most impressive part of their stay in Morocco.. The High Atlas gives way to dry plains and lush oases. This is the so called African Morocco. Camels graze in the valleys of the Dra and Ziz rivers, near Erfoud, it seems, к самому небу поднимаются песчаные дюны (height 150 m). The main agricultural crop of the region is dates: mostly date palms survive on the scarce soils. On the coast, the modern resort of Agadir has excellent infrastructure, guaranteeing a good rest. North of Essaouira is a more traditional seaside town with a fishing port and charming beaches. High season in the south is from September to May, but even then the air temperature often goes over the top 40 ° С.

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