Christianity in Morocco – christianity in morocco

Trip program

Day 1
Moscow-Casablanca direct flight
IN 12:30 Arrival in Casablanca. Sightseeing tour of the city with a tour of the largest mosque of Hassan II, towering on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, walk through the "Medina" - the old city of Casablanca, inspection of the Pasha Palace and the Anfa diplomatic quarter, walks along the Casablanca promenade. Prayer in the Assumption Church. A story about the history of Russian emigration in Morocco. Moving to Rabbat (80km). Overnight.

Day 2
Breakfast. Rabat - the first of the four imperial cities of Morocco. Divine Liturgy at the Russian Orthodox Church of the Resurrection of Christ in Rabat. Visit to the capital of the Kingdom of Morocco, its historical, industrial and cultural center - the colorful city of Rabat. Guided tour of the old town, mausoleum of Muhammad V, Hassan Tower, the royal palace is the current residence of the head of state, visit to the largest in Morocco Archaeological Museum with pebble artifacts, Mousterian and Aterian culture, more than 6 thousand years ago. Overnight at the hotel.

Day 3
Breakfast. Moving to Meknes (140 km)- the second of the four imperial cities of Morocco, it is often called the Moroccan Versailles. Meknes was founded in the 10th century by the Zenet Berbers. During the Almoravid era, a fortified city arose here. For a long time was the residence of the royal vizier. Then, late 17th century, Sultan Moulay Ismail chose Meknes from many cities and turned it into the majestic and main city of his vast empire. Inspection of "Medina", visit to the Royal Palace (Ismail's stables, underground prison for christians) inspection of the fortifications, fortress gate Bab Mansol, El Hedim square, madrasah. Moving to Volubilis (28 km)- the ancient city – the ancient capital of the Roman province of Mauritania Tingitania (province of ancient Carthage). Mosaics have been preserved here, Triumphal Arch, thermae, house of Orpheus. Entrance tickets are paid additionally.
Moving to Fez (30 km) - second imperial city of Morocco, its cultural and religious capital. Hotel accommodation, Overnight.

Day 4
Breakfast. Inspection of the ancient Medina of Fez - the pearls of Arab architecture, visit to Bab-bu-Jelud gate, Al Karaouin University, Bou Inanya Madrasah, house of Dar al-Magan, square and fountain Nezharin. Walk through the tanners and potters quarter, where the craftsmen of leatherwork and pottery work according to the technology of their ancestors.

Day 5
Early breakfast. Moving Fez-Ifran-Errachidia-Efrud. Departure to Efrud via Midelt, depression of the Middle Atlas mountain range, as well as through Immuser Kandar, Berber villages, Ifrane ski resort, Azru village, famous for the production of carpets. Stop for lunch (optional).Continuation of the trip to Erfed via Errachidia, Valley of Cued Ziz, visit to the source of Meksi. Arrival at Ephrud. Hotel accommodation.

Day 6
Erfud-Tinerir-Warzazat.
Early morning (upon request for an additional fee 70 euro) early departure by jeep to the Merzouga dunes, outpost on the border of one of the greatest deserts, Sahara. Sunrise and Orthodox prayer in the desert. Thematic story of the Christian fathers – hermits. Return to hotel for breakfast. Departure to Ouarzaat via Tinerir and the famous Torda Gorge. Tinerif, small town, towering over a rare palm oasis. IN 15 km from Tinerir one of the most spectacular spectacles in Morocco opens - the Todra gorge. Two giant rocks of pink granite converge at a height 300 m. Continue along the Dades Valley past Kelaa M. Gouna with its pink plantations. Arrival to Ouarzazate. Hotel accommodation.

Day 7
Warzazat - Ait Benhadu - Marrakech
Breakfast. Moving to Marrakech through the Tizi n Tishka pass (2270 m). Stop and visit the famous Kasbah (fortress) Ait Benhaddu. This Berber fortress is located among almond trees and is so picturesque, which often served as a set for feature films (Lawrence of Arabia, "Gladiator" and others). Arrival in Marrakech. Hotel accommodation.

Day 8
Breakfast. Marrakech – "Pearl of the South". Since the city was one of the capital cities of the Kingdom, a large number of museums and architectural monuments are concentrated here., each of which is a masterpiece of art. Visit to the Koutoubia mosque, Tower of the Tower, El Badi Palace (Bahia), Majorelle Gardens. Jamaa al Fna square, The famous oriental market. Overnight in Marrakech.

Day 9
Breakfast. Moving to El Jadida. Free time by the ocean; Optional excursion and inspection of the Portuguese fortress (10 euro)
Transfer to the airport in 18:00. Departure to Moscow at 22:45.

notes

  1. Zakharov Nikolay, archpriest [http://orthodox-rabat.ru/history-the temple/ Resurrection parish of the Moscow Patriarchate in Rabat (to the 50th anniversary of the foundation)] (Rus.) // Журнал Московской Патриархии : Journal. — 1978. — № 6. - FROM. 13—16.
  2. Eulogius (Georgievsky), metropolitan. [http://pravbeseda.ru/library/index.php?page=book&id = 741 The path of my life]. - M.: Moscow worker, 1994.
  3. [http://zarubezhje.narod.ru/av/v_065.htm Archimandrite Barsanuphius (Tolstukhin Vasily Grigorievich)] // Bibliographic reference book "Religious figures and writers of the Russian diaspora"
  4. At the same time, the Greek parish of the Annunciation of the Most Holy Theotokos appears in Casablanca.
  5. [http://zarubezhje.narod.ru/av/a_090.htm Archimandrite Avramy (Abraham) (Tereshkevich Alexander Nikolaevich)] // Bibliographic reference book "Religious figures and writers of the Russian diaspora"
  6. IN 1937 year Hieromonk Abraham was replaced by celibate priest Mikhail Yaroslavtsev, future Archimandrite Mitrofan, from 1952 second rector of the Resurrection Church of Rabat.
  7. [http://zarubezhje.narod.ru/tya/sh_057.htm Priest Nikolai Shkarin (Shkarin Nikolay Pavlovich)] // Bibliographic reference book "Religious figures and writers of the Russian diaspora"
  8. ↑ Report at the general meeting of the Orthodox Russian parish in Morocco, 25 December 1931 of the year. - Archive of the Resurrection Parish of Rabat.
  9. Pauline de Mazières (P. P. Sheremeteva). History of the Russians in Morocco. Fragment III. Madame Djabli. — Tanger: Edition Khbar Bladna, 2011. - FROM. 7. — 33 from. — ISBN 9789954523414.
  10. Archimandrite Mitrofan (Yaroslavtsev). History and life of the Moroccan Orthodox Church. - Archive of the Resurrection Parish of Rabat.
  11. Prot. n. Zakharov mistakenly reports to the ZhMP about the consecration for the feast of the Entry into the Temple of the Most Holy Theotokos
  12. Father of Peter Petrovich and Praskovya Petrovna (Pauline de Mazières) Sheremetevs, husband of Marina Dmitrievna Levshina
  13. [http://tserkov.eparhia.ru/numbers/orthodox/?ID = 91 Geroev Gennady, archpriest. Russian hearth in Morocco] // Church messenger, № 14-15 (243-244) August 2002
  14. [http://zarubezhje.narod.ru/tya/sh_033.htm Sheremetev Petr Petrovich] // Bibliographic reference book "Religious figures and writers of the Russian diaspora"
  15. Hanson, Nikolai. [http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/synod/documents/art_gansonmoracco.html Displaced Persons and the Russian Colony in Morocco]
  16. Metropolitan Eulogius to 1927 member of the Synod of Bishops of the ROCOR
  17. The candidacy of Archpriest Alexander Kiselev as the second priest for Casablanca was also considered. He received a visa to Morocco before Father Mitrofan Znosko, but refused the appointment.
  18. Report of Archpriest Mitrofan Znosko on his arrival in Morocco, sent to Metropolitan Anastassy 4 October 1948 of the year. - Synodal Archives of the ROCOR.
  19. Prot. M. Footnote. [http://russian-inok.org/books/mitrofan.html In Defense of the Truth (articles 1952-1977)]
  20. Archpriest Mitrofan Znosko. Report by the head of the Russian Orthodox community in Morocco on the life and state of the community by January 1953 of the year. - Synodal Archives of the ROCOR.
  21. Since the 1970s, there has been no permanent ROCOR priest in Casablanca. To 2000 Years the Western European Diocese of the ROCOR sent its priest to Casablanca to celebrate Easter and / or Christmas services. The rest of the time, the ROCOR temple was closed and inaccessible.
  22. [http://artel-radost.ru/photo/khram_voskresenija_khristova_v_marokko_g_rabat/25 Orthodox mural artel "Joy"]

Problematic features

Article 3 The Moroccan Constitution "guarantees all the free functioning of beliefs", but the Moroccan Penal Code prohibits conversions to other religions, than islam. Conversion of Muslims to Christianity (or proselytization or treason) were often during the colonial period, because laws against such transformations did not yet exist.

According to Article 220 Moroccan Penal Code, "any, who uses incitement, to shake the faith of a Muslim or convert him to another religion ", subject to sentence 3 – 6 months and fine 16$ to 79$ (115 – 575 dirkhamov). Any attempt to induce a Muslim to convert is illegal

Foreign missionaries either limit their conversions to non-Muslims or try to conduct their work carefully

Anglican

While most areas of Africa (including eastern North Africa) there are independent Anglican dioceses and regions, western North Africa, including the Anglican Church of Morocco, is part of the Diocese of Europe, which is itself part of the Province of Canterbury in the Church of England. There are two permanent chaplains, one in Casablanca and one in Tangier. Small groups of Anglicans worshiped together in Marrakech, but there is no Anglican church, based here.

St Andrew's Anglican Church, Tangier has become a tourist attraction, partly due to certain well-known figures, buried in her cemetery. Church – early twentieth century replacement for an earlier smaller building, which was built with the special permission of the King of Morocco on land, donated to him.

St. Anglican Church. John the Evangelist, Casablanca, located in the center, close to Hyatt Regency, a landmark hotel in the city center. It has a renowned congregation and holds two services every Sunday morning, to accommodate all parishioners. There is a question-answer program for children.

story

Christianity in Morocco appeared during Roman times, when it was done by Christian Berbers in Roman Mauretania Tingitan, although it disappeared after the Islamic conquests.

According to tradition, martyrdom of St.. Marcellus took place 28 July 298 in Tingis (Tangier). Starting with Tetrarchy (Emperor Diocletian's reform of government structures in 296), Mauretania Tingitana became part of the Diocese of Hispaniae (latin plural), and hence in the Praetorian Prefecture of Gauls (Mauretania Caesariensis was in the diocese of Africa in another pretorian prefecture in the western empire), and remained so until its conquest by the Vandals. Lucilius Constantius registered as governor (praise) mid to late fourth century.

Christian Expat Community (Catholic and Protestant) comprises 5 000 практикующих участников, although the estimates of Christians, living in the country at any given time, располагаются до 25 000. Most Christians live in urban areas of Casablanca and Rabat. Most Christians in Morocco – Foreigners, although the Voice of the Martyrs reports, that there is a growing number of native Moroccans (45,000) conversion to Christianity, especially in rural areas. Many new converts are secretly baptized in churches in Morocco.

Construction of the Resurrection Church and major events before 1945 of the year

In the 1920s and 1930s, Russian emigrants did not have sufficient funds to acquire a land plot for the construction of a church.. Services in Rabat were held in a temporary barrack. The appearance of the majestic Resurrection Church was served by one amazing case.

Noble Resident of Rabat Sheriff Hussein Jebli, married to a Russian citizen Elena Alekseevna Bezrukova (married El Aydouni Djebli el Alami, in Islam Khadija), suffered a serious illness. When medical supplies have been exhausted, but the disease did not recede, on the advice of his Russian wife, the Moroccan called Father Barsanuphius to him and asked him to pray. After a prayer service performed by an Orthodox priest, Jebli recovered. As a token of gratitude, he donated a plot of land to the Russian community for the construction of the temple.. 12 December 1929 year the bill of sale was issued, where was the symbolic amount of one franc. It specified, that the land can only be used for the construction of a Russian Orthodox church.

Collection of donations for construction began in the Russian community. For this purpose, even charitable Russian evenings with a theatrical program and balls were organized, which were popular with the Arabs and French. Metropolitan Eulogius recalled this: “It can be said without exaggeration - our girls danced with their feet, - they built our wonderful temple in Rabat ".

The foundation stone of the church took place on July 5-6 1931 years on the day of celebration of the Vladimir Icon of the Mother of God. Construction of a snow-white temple in honor of the Resurrection of Christ in simple Arabic (according to other information, in Moorish or Moorish-Byzantine style) lasted a little over a year.

13 November 1932 Years Metropolitan Evlogiy consecrated the Church of the Resurrection. The Metropolitan was co-served by the rector of the temple (elevated on this occasion to the rank of archimandrite), hieromonk Abraham and Alexander, Deacon Evgeny Vdovenko who arrived from Paris, as well as the rector of the Greek Church of the Annunciation in Casablanca, Archimandrite Dimitri, who read out the congratulations of Patriarch Meletius. The service was attended by representatives of the civil authorities and Christian communities of Morocco.

At the expense of AF. Stefanovsky, long-term head of the parish, to the temple in December 1932 the bell tower was added.

FROM 1933 year at the temple began to operate the Charity Committee, helped the Russians with money and things, scattered across the country.

The parish in Rabat was all Moroccan and united as of 1931 year about 280 families in different cities.

Parish choir, created by the efforts of Deacon Nikolai Shkarin and Peter Petrovich Sheremetev, performed concerts throughout Morocco. The French also sang in the choir, reaching out to Russian spiritual culture.

Foundation of the Russian Orthodox parish in Morocco

In the s in Morocco, divided into French and Spanish protectorates, Russian emigrants from Tunisia arrived in search of work, France, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria. Among them were the soldiers of the Foreign Legion, sailors of the Russian squadron from Bizerte, engineers and other immigrants of different classes.

IN 1927 Metropolitan Evlogii, administrator of the Russian Western European parishes (Georgievsky) at the request of the Russian community, sent Hieromonk Barsanuphius to serve in Morocco (Tolstukhina), a former inhabitant of the Valaam monastery.

Father Barsanuphius organized a parish in Morocco, the basis for which the Orthodox community served, registered as a society Orthodox Church and Russian Home in Morocco in 1927 year. In this regard, Metropolitan Eulogius asked for a blessing from Patriarch Meletius of Alexandria, who approved the opening of the Russian parish.

First liturgy, served in Rabat by Father Barsanuphius, was received by Orthodox believers with great enthusiasm:

Since Russian emigrants lived and worked not only in Rabat, but also in other cities, soon Russian parishes opened in Morocco: in Khuribga - Holy Trinity (the temple is consecrated 19 October 1930 of the year), in Casablanca - Uspensky (1935), in Marrakech - the chapel of St. Sergius (1932).

Metropolitan Evlogy sent clergy from Paris to help Father Barsanuphius: hieromonk Abraham (Tereshkevich) (arrived at 1930 year and served until 1937 years as rector of the church in Khuribga, after which he left for France) and Alexandra (Тюменева) (arrived at 1930 year, served as assistant rector of the church in Rabat until his death in 1943 year), Deacon Nikolai Shkarin (arrived at 1932 year, organized a parish choir in Rabat). Priests regularly visited Russian communities throughout Morocco. IN 1931 year, for the first time in the modern history of Morocco, Easter services were performed in three cities at once: Discounts, Khuribge and Casablanca.

Many years in the main parishes of Morocco in Rabat and in Khuribga (to 1943 of the year) daily services were held, in Casablanca - twice a month, in Kenitra - once a month.

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